Anxiety Symptoms and Medications
Anxiety Symptoms and Medications
Anxiety is a condition that can be caused by certain things. Although some causes of anxiety are unknown, some of them are linked to certain health problems. For instance, anxiety can be a side effect of certain medications. Another cause is trauma or illness. If you are suffering from anxiety, your doctor should perform tests and help you to identify the source of your problem.
There are several types of anxiety disorders, including specific phobia and social phobia. Specific phobias are characterized by intense fear of an object and the desire to avoid it. For some people, these phobias can cause panic attacks. Other forms of anxiety include substance-induced anxiety disorder, which consists of intense symptoms of anxiety and panic after consuming a specific substance. Anxiety disorders can also be unspecified, which is a general term that covers a wide range of symptoms that may be caused by a variety of factors.
Medications for anxiety disorders may include tricyclic antidepressants, which act as reuptake inhibitors of the serotonin and norepinephrine transporters. These were some of the first medications used to treat anxiety disorders. While they are less common now than SSRIs, they are still highly effective. Some tricyclic antidepressants have been approved for use in treating Parkinson’s disease and are still used for this purpose. There are also older types of antidepressant drugs called monoamine oxidase inhibitors. However, the FDA has not approved monoamine oxidase inhibitors for treating anxiety disorders.
Novel pharmacotherapies for anxiety disorders are still under investigation. There are a few new agents that are being studied as well, including neuropeptides, glutamate modulators, cannabinoids, and alpha and beta adrenergic drugs. However, most of these agents are still experimental and require further studies.
Those with anxiety disorders have symptoms of intense and uncontrollable worry about everyday situations. They suffer from repeated episodes of intense anxiety, fear, and terror that interfere with their everyday activities and limit their quality of life. Some even avoid places and situations that they fear. The symptoms can start as early as childhood and continue into adulthood.
A self-help or support group is a great way to learn about anxiety and how to manage the disorder. These groups are available in person and online. However, advice from support group members should be used carefully and should never replace advice from a health care provider. In addition, stress management techniques can help reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
Neuropeptides, also known as neuroactive steroids, act on neuronal excitability and regulate gene expression. They interact with GABA-A and NMDA receptors and modulate neuronal activity. Research has shown that neurosteroid therapy has a positive impact on anxiety. However, this treatment remains experimental. If you’re considering a neurostimulation therapy, make sure to talk to your doctor before you start it.
Some medications are effective for anxiety, including clonidine, gabapentin, and lamotrigine. But these are not a cure-all, and there are other treatment options that may help you cope with your anxiety.