Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
The symptoms of anxiety disorder are often triggered by stressful or traumatic situations. Although no lab tests are available to diagnose anxiety disorders, some healthcare providers may order some physical examinations to rule out other physical conditions. Healthcare providers will also ask about the severity of the symptoms, how long they have lasted, and how much they interfere with daily life. If all of these factors are not present, a healthcare provider may use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) to determine the most appropriate course of treatment.
The exact cause of anxiety disorders is unknown, but it’s likely a combination of genetics, brain biology, and environmental factors. Symptoms of anxiety disorders include restlessness, tense feelings, and trouble controlling one’s thoughts. Anxiety disorders can interfere with daily life and can affect many aspects of a person’s life. Some substances and certain medications can worsen these symptoms. Your doctor may want to perform a physical exam and lab tests to determine the cause of anxiety and how to treat it.
Medication and psychotherapy are common treatments for anxiety disorders. While medication is generally effective for most anxiety disorders, talk therapy is often more effective in alleviating the symptoms of certain disorders. It’s important to find out what medications will best suit your needs and preferences. If the above treatments don’t help, you can try a combination of psychotherapy and medication. You should discuss your options with your healthcare provider to find a treatment option that works best for you.
Cognitive behavioural therapy can help manage anxiety symptoms. In this therapy, patients confront their fears and gradually learn to control their own brain waves. After 12 sessions, many patients report significant improvement in their symptoms. Other types of therapy are also available. Another type of psychotherapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, uses mindfulness techniques and goal-setting to reduce anxiety. This form of therapy is newer than CBT, but it’s still an effective way to treat anxiety.
Anxiety disorders can be hard to cope with, and can have serious effects on one’s health. While some people learn to cope with anxiety on their own, a diagnosis of an anxiety disorder is critical in limiting the damage it can cause. Additionally, anxiety disorders can lead to depression and substance abuse. If you suspect you have an anxiety disorder, talk to your healthcare provider. Your doctor may prescribe medication to help manage the symptoms of anxiety disorders.
Often, an individual suffering from anxiety will be diagnosed with a specific phobia, which is an intense fear of an object or situation. While this type of phobia is irrational, it causes severe anxiety. Specific phobias may involve animals, tunnels, or heights. It can even be a general fear of social situations, such as a workplace or school. In either case, the symptoms of anxiety may interfere with daily life.